Georgia then dispatched Henry Benning to Virginia to encourage its secession. At the Virginia convention, Benning explained to the delegates:. What was the reason that induced George to take the step of secession? That reason may be summed up in one single proposition: This conviction was the main cause.
On January 26, , Louisiana became the sixth state to secede. Days later, Texas was scheduled to hold its secession convention, and Louisiana sent Commissioner George Williamson to urge Texas to secede. Williamson told the Texas delegates:. Louisiana looks to the formation of a Southern Confederacy to preserve the blessings of African slavery. Louisiana and Texas have the same language, laws, and institutions.
The people of Louisiana would consider it a most fatal blow to African slavery if Texas either did not secede or, having seceded, should not join her destinies to theirs in a Southern Confederacy.
As a separate republic, Louisiana remembers too well the whisperings of European diplomacy for the abolition of slavery in the times of annexation [Great Britain abolished slavery in ; by , southern statesmen were alleging — without evidence — that Great Britain was involved in a plot to abolish slavery in America.
Southern voices therefore called for the immediate annexation of pro-slavery Texas into the United States in order to increase pro-slavery territory, but anti-slavery leaders in Congress — including John Quincy Adams and Daniel Webster — opposed that annexation. I record this vote as a deliverance, I trust, by the special interposition of Almighty God. The first shock of slave democracy is over. Moloch [a pagan god requiring human sacrifices] and Mammon [the god of riches] have sunk into momentary slumber.
The Texas treason is blasted for the hour. The people of the slaveholding states are bound together by the same necessity and determination to preserve African slavery. The isolation of any one of them from the others would make her a theatre for abolition emissaries from the North and from Europe. Her existence would be one of constant peril to herself and of imminent danger to other neighboring slave-holding communities.
In its secession document, Texas announced:. Her institutions and geographical position established the strongest ties between her and other slaveholding states of the Confederacy.
In all the non-slave-holding states. They demand the abolition of Negro slavery throughout the Confederacy, the recognition of political equality between the white and Negro races, and avow their determination to press on their crusade against us so long as a Negro slave remains in these states. By the secession of six of the slave-holding states, and the certainty that others will speedily do likewise, Texas has no alternative but to remain in an isolated connection with the North or unite her destinies with the South.
On April 17, , Virginia became the eighth state to secede. On May 8, , Arkansas became the ninth state to join the Confederacy. Albert Pike a prominent Arkansas newspaper owner and author of numerous legal works who became a Confederate general explained why secession was unavoidable:.
No concessions would now satisfy and none ought now to satisfy the South but such as would amount to a surrender of the distinctive principles by which the Republican Party coheres [exists], because none other or less would give the South peace and security. That Party would have to agree that in the view of the Constitution, slaves are property — that slavery might exist and should be legalized and protected in territory hereafter to be acquired to the southwest [e.
For that Party to make these concessions would simply be to commit suicide and therefore it is idle to expect from the North — so long as it [the Republican Party] rules there — a single concession of any value. As Pike knew, the federal government under the Republicans was unwilling to abandon its anti-slavery positions; therefore the only recourse for the guarantee of continued slavery in Arkansas was secession — which Arkansas did.
Eventually, North Carolina and Tennessee became the tenth and eleventh states to secede, thus finishing the formation of the new nation that titled itself the Slave-Holding Confederate States of America. Beginning on January 21, , southern Democrats serving in Congress began resigning en masse to join the Confederacy.
During this time, many stood in their respective federal legislative chambers and delivered their farewell statements unequivocally affirming what the secession documents clearly declared. I may safely say, however, that nothing will satisfy them [the seceded states] or bring them back short of a full and explicit recognition and guarantee of the safety of their institution of domestic slavery. Senator Robert Toombs of Georgia soon to become the Secretary of State for the Confederacy, and then a general in the Confederate Army declared that the seceded South would return to the Union only if their pro-slavery demands were agreed to:.
What do these Rebels demand? First, that the people of the United States shall have an equal right to emigrate and settle in the present or an future acquired territories with whatever property they may possess including slaves.
The second proposition is that property in slaves shall be entitled to the same protection from the government of the United States, in all of its departments, everywhere, which the Constitution confers the power upon it to extend to any other property. We demand in the next place.
Is not that a cause of war? My distinguished friend from Mississippi [Mr. Jefferson Davis], another moderate gentleman like myself, proposed simply to get a recognition that we had the right to our own — that man could have property in man — and it met with the unanimous refusal even of the most moderate, Union-saving, compromising portion of the Republican party.
Lincoln thus accepts every cardinal principle of the Abolitionists; yet he ignorantly puts his authority for abolition upon the Declaration of Independence, which was never made any part of the public law of the United States.
Very well; you not only want to break down our constitutional rights — you not only want to upturn our social system — your people not only steal our slaves and make them freemen to vote against us — but you seek to bring an inferior race into a condition of equality, socially and politically, with our own people. Senator Clement Clay of Alabama soon to become a foreign diplomat for the Confederacy also expounded the same points:. No sentiment is more insulting or more hostile to our domestic tranquility, to our social order, and our social existence, than is contained in the declaration that our Negroes are entitled to liberty and equality with the white man.
To crown the climax of insult to our feelings and menace of our rights, this party nominated to the presidency a man who not only endorses the platform but promises in his zealous support of its principles to disregard the judgment of your courts [i.
We all consider the election of Mr. Lincoln, with his well-known antecedents and avowed [anti-slavery] principles and purposes. We believe that he conscientiously entertains the opinions which he has so often and so explicitly declared, and that having been elected on the [anti-slavery] issues thus presented, he will honestly endeavor to carry them into execution. While now [as a result of secession] we have no fears of servile insurrection [i. There exists but one party that, either in spirit or sentiment, manifests any disposition to stand by the South and the Constitution, and that is the Democratic Party.
The institution of slavery. The question then, naturally arises, what protection have we against the arbitrary course of the Northern majority? Perhaps the no-holds-barred pro-slavery position of Democrats and southern states was best summarized by Democrat U.
Benjamin of Louisiana who became the first Attorney General of the Confederacy, then its Secretary of War, and finally its Secretary of State , who declared:.
I never have admitted any power in Congress to prohibit slavery in the territories anywhere , upon any occasion, or at any time. Once the South seceded and organized its Confederate government, it immediately sought official diplomatic recognition from Great Britain and France, wrongly believing that by halting the export of Southern cotton into those nations they could strong-arm them into an official recognition of the Confederacy.
But Great Britain and Europe already held large stores of cotton in reserve and also had access to textile imports from other nations, so the poorly conceived Confederate plan was unsuccessful. France had been willing to extend official recognition to the Confederacy but would not do so unless Great Britain did the same. But Charles Francis Adams U.
Minister to England, and the son of John Quincy Adams and grandson of John Adams rallied anti-slavery forces in Europe and England to successfully lobby Great Britain not to extend official recognition to the Confederacy. By October , the Confederacy, not having received the official support it so badly needed, expelled British representatives from southern states. Although Great Britain never extended official recognition, she did indirectly assist the South in many ways, including supplying the Confederacy with naval cruisers that pillaged Union merchant shipping and also providing weapons to southern troops, including the Whitworth rifle considered one of the most accurate rifles in the Civil War.
A number of Britons even crossed the ocean to serve in the Confederate Army; and in some British ranks, the sympathy for the Confederacy was so strong that after popular Confederate General Stonewall Jackson was accidentally shot down by his own troops, the mourning was just as visible in parts of England as it had been throughout the Confederacy. Some in the British press even likened the death of Jackson to that of their own national hero, Lord Nelson; and a British monument to General Jackson was even commissioned, paid for, and transported to Richmond, Virginia by Confederate sympathizers in Great Britain.
As the French clergy explained:. No more revolting spectacle has ever been before the civilized world than a Confederacy — consisting mainly of Protestants — forming itself and demanding independence, in the nineteenth century of the Christian era, with a professed design of maintaining and propagating slavery.
The triumph of such a cause would put back the progress of Christian civilization and of humanity a whole century. Foreign observers clearly saw what southern Democrat U. Representatives and Senators in Congress had already announced: On February 9, following the secession of the seventh state , the seceded states organized their new Confederate government, electing Jefferson Davis a resigned Democrat U.
Representative from Georgia as their national vice-president. On March 11 only a week after the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as President [Confederate apologists not only claim that slavery was not the central issue to the Confederacy but they also frequently portray Abraham Lincoln as a dictator, tyrant, atheist, homosexual, incompetent, drunk, etc.
These three books and a few others portray Lincoln in a negative light, but literally hundreds of other scholarly biographies written about Lincoln — including by Pulitzer Prize-winning historians such as Carl Sandburg, Ida Tarbell, Garry Wills, Merrill Peterson, Don Fehrenbacher, and others — reached an opposite conclusion. The Image and the Man.
In both cases, those writings present a view of that person but hundreds of other writings present an opposite and more accurate view; so, too, with Lincoln. The view of Lincoln presented by Confederate apologists is indeed a view, but it is contradicted by scores of other writers who, after examining all the historical evidence, reached an opposite conclusion.
In all such territory, the institution of Negro slavery as it now exists in the Confederate States shall be recognized and protected by Congress and by the Territorial government; and the inhabitants of the several Confederate States and Territories shall have the right to take to such Territory any slaves lawfully held by them in any of the States or Territories of the Confederate States.
On March 21, less than two weeks after the Confederacy had formed its constitution , Confederate Vice-President Alexander Stephens delivered a policy speech setting forth the purpose of the new government. The Corner-Stone of the Southern Confederacy. The prevailing ideas entertained by him [Thomas Jefferson] and most of the leading statesmen at the time of the formation of the old Constitution were that the enslavement of the African was in violation of the laws of nature — that it was wrong in principle — socially, morally, and politically.
It was an evil they knew not well how to deal with, but the general opinion of the men of that day was that somehow or other, in the order of Providence, the institution would be evanescent [temporary] and pass away. What did Vice-President Stephens and the new Confederate nation think about these anti-slavery ideas of the Founding Fathers? Those ideas, however, were fundamentally wrong. They rested upon the assumption of the equality of races.
This was an error. Our new government [the Confederate States of America] is founded upon exactly the opposite idea; its foundations are laid — its cornerstone rests — upon the great truth that the Negro is not equal to the white man. That slavery — subordination to the superior [white] race — is his natural and moral condition. This — our new [Confederate] government — is the first in the history of the world based upon this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth. Notice that by the title as well as the content of his speech, Confederate Vice-President Stephens affirmed that slavery was the central issue distinguishing the Confederacy.
Many southern apologists assert that the primary cause of the Civil War was unjust economic policies imposed on the South by northerners in Congress, 33 but secession records refute that claim.
In fact, of the eleven secession documents, only five mention economic issues — and each was in direct conjunction with slavery. Its labor supplies the product which constitutes by far the largest and most important portions of commerce of the earth. These products are peculiar to the climate verging on the tropical regions; and by an imperious law of nature, none but the black race can bear exposure to the tropical sun. These products have become necessities of the world, and a blow at slavery is a blow at commerce and civilization.
They [the northern abolitionists in Congress] have impoverished the slave-holding states by unequal and partial legislation [attempting to abolish slavery ], thereby enriching themselves by draining our substance. To avoid these evils, we. We prefer, however, our system of industry. Clearly, even the economic reasons set forth by the South as causes for secession were directly related to slavery. Therefore, to claim that economic policies and not slavery was the cause of the Civil War is to make a distinction where there is no difference.
Torrey, , Vol. Homework Alabama offers free homework help from subject specialists. HomeworkAlabama is a statewide effort made possible by the State Library of Alabama APLS through local public libraries, with funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services through their Library Services and Technology Act grant program as well as state funds requested by Governor Riley and appropriated by the State Legislature specifically for this program.
Get help in math, science, English, social studies or writing from a live tutor. Tutors are available 3 p. The services can be accessed from an Alabama public library, from your home computer or from your mobile device. Receive one-to-one, real-time assistance with your job search. The K-College Student Centers provide online help at all grade levels with study resources, test prep for standardized tests.
Study Resources includes thousands of lessons, worksheets, study guides and videos. Many of the subtopics include links to additional websites. The Adult Education and Career Center provides career center aids in writing cover letters and resumes, citizenship, GED assistance, financial literacy, etc.
Career Resources includes local open jobs, resume and cover letter templates, interview guidelines and more for job seekers.
Alabama live homework help eight.. creative writing paper printable. By / September 11, ; Wrote a essay on the most popular music from each decade starting from the 80's and that was the easiest essay ever. how to write dbq essay ap us history. history of delhi essay.
Homework Alabama offers FREE online tutoring and academic resources from lipzeiil.ga for Alabama residents from kindergarten students through college, plus adult learners. Get help in math, science, English, social studies or writing from a live tutor.
Related Post of Alabama live homework help eight five barriers to critical and creative thinking homeworks old saybrook ct real estate listings argumentative essay on. Alabama live homework help zoo: Can you write you in an essay I have to make a word essay about me.. for uncg and the university of miami #easy union county college cranford nj .
Alabama live homework help ccc. by ; I don't have the willpower you two like avpm it makes me happy. vinylene carbonate synthesis essay deborah hayeemessayhelp? essay on ethics in education essay on character is the glory and crown of life spirit and soul essays in philosophical psychology phd roemheld syndrome analysis essay le tombeau des. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us.